Category Archives: Commerce

Internet service provider (ISP)

what is Internet service provider (ISP)

A corporation that provides Internet connections and services to individuals and companies better known as an Internet service provider (ISP). ISPs may also give software packages (such as browsers), e-mail accounts, and a personal Web site or home page in addition to Internet connectivity. ISPs used by businesses to host their websites and to construct their own. Network access points, which are public network infrastructure on the Internet backbone, connect all ISPs.

The fast commercialization of the Internet had aided by the growth of commercial Internet services and apps. Several other reasons also contributed to this phenomenon. Several other reasons also contributed to this phenomenon. The debut of the personal computer (PC) and workstation in the early 1980s was a key contributor, a development that in turn were fuelled by remarkable progress in integrated circuit technology and an attendant rapid drop in computer prices.

By the late 1990s, the world’s Internet service providers numbered around 10,000, with more than half of them based in the United States. Most of these ISPs, on the other hand, only provided local service and relied on regional and national ISPs for larger connectivity. Many small to medium-sized providers merged or had acquired by larger ISPs at the end of the decade, resulting in consolidation.

America Online – formed as a dial-up information service with no Internet connectivity in the late 1990s and grew to become the world’s leading provider of Internet services with over 25 million subscribers and branches in Australia, Europe, South America, and Asia were among these larger providers. Meanwhile, in large national markets like China, India, and Indonesia, and other latest state-owned ISPs flooded the market, quickly outnumbering any traditional commercial ISP. Dial-up Customers who wanted faster Internet connections continued to switch to broadband service. In some parts of the United States, telephone and cable television companies’ entry-level broadband services are cheaper than dial-up. AOL’s dial-up Internet service subscribers fell from nearly 27 million in 2002 to 17.7 million in 2006, then 2.1 million in 2015.

To reposition itself, AOL abandoned its attempt to be the most popular dial-up service provider in favour of attempting to become an independent advertising-supported Internet portal comparable to Yahoo and Google. Customers could pay for AOL’s dial-up Internet access or pay for Internet access from another provider while still having free access to many AOL features. ISPs are opposed to net neutrality, while a group of Internet content and software providers are in favour. It is, without a doubt, the assistance of the law in resolving the conflict.

Travelling Situation

COVID-19 puts people in high-risk groups at risk of severe illness and death, including those over 60, those with chronic fever, and those with underlying health conditions. Keep an eye on the COVID-19 situation where you are going, and follow any border entry requirements, which may include testing or quarantine. You may be at higher risk of COVID-19 infection if you live in an area with high COVID-19 transmission rates. As you plan, it is critical to be aware of your health status as well as the risks of COVID-19 at your destination.

Doing traveling during the Coronavirus outbreak is unfortunately not entirely safe or risk-free, regardless of your age, health, or the country you are visiting. The Indian government has issued the most recent advisory guidance for international travel to India, which requires all visitors may instructed to quarantine at home for seven days, and RT-PCR test on their eighth day in India is mandatory. If travellers under home quarantine or self-health monitoring develop Covid-19 symptoms or re-test positive for Covid-19, they must self-isolate and report to their nearest health facility or call the country’s national helpline number or their state helpline number.

Before their scheduled travel, all passengers must submit complete and accurate information in a self-declaration form on the online Air Suvidha portal, including the last 14 days of travel, and upload a negative Covid-19 RT-PCR report for a test taken within 72 hours before departure. According to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, airlines will only allow passengers to board who have completed the self-declaration form on the Air Suvidha portal and uploaded a negative RT-PCR test report.

Thermal screening happens upon your arrival, and passengers who show symptomatic during screening would be isolated and taken to a medical facility. If any of them are positive, their contacts will be identified and managed according to protocol. Travelers can visit India from any other country that is involved in the transportation bubble agreement with India. Afghanistan, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Iraq, Japan, Kenya, Kuwait, Mauritius, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, Russia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Tanzania, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, and Uzbekistan are among the countries with air bubble agreements with India.

Pre-arrival and post-arrival testing is not necessary for children under the age of five. They will be tested and treated if they have found to be symptomatic for COVID-19 upon arrival or during the home quarantine period. In its most recent guidelines, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare clarified that the new guidelines supersede all previous guidelines on the subject issued on or after November 30, 2021.

Travelling Situation

COVID-19 puts people in high-risk groups at risk of severe illness and death, including those over 60, those with chronic fever, and those with underlying health conditions. Keep an eye on the COVID-19 situation where you are going, and follow any border entry requirements, which may include testing or quarantine. You may be at higher risk of COVID-19 infection if you live in an area with high COVID-19 transmission rates. As you plan, it is critical to be aware of your health status as well as the risks of COVID-19 at your destination.

Doing traveling during the Coronavirus outbreak is unfortunately not entirely safe or risk-free, regardless of your age, health, or the country you are visiting. The Indian government has issued the most recent advisory guidance for international travel to India, which requires all visitors may instructed to quarantine at home for seven days, and RT-PCR test on their eighth day in India is mandatory. If travellers under home quarantine or self-health monitoring develop Covid-19 symptoms or re-test positive for Covid-19, they must self-isolate and report to their nearest health facility or call the country’s national helpline number or their state helpline number.

Before their scheduled travel, all passengers must submit complete and accurate information in a self-declaration form on the online Air Suvidha portal, including the last 14 days of travel, and upload a negative Covid-19 RT-PCR report for a test taken within 72 hours before departure. According to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, airlines will only allow passengers to board who have completed the self-declaration form on the Air Suvidha portal and uploaded a negative RT-PCR test report.

Thermal screening happens upon your arrival, and passengers who show symptomatic during screening would be isolated and taken to a medical facility. If any of them are positive, their contacts will be identified and managed according to protocol. Travelers can visit India from any other country that is involved in the transportation bubble agreement with India. Afghanistan, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Iraq, Japan, Kenya, Kuwait, Mauritius, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, Russia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Tanzania, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, and Uzbekistan are among the countries with air bubble agreements with India.

Pre-arrival and post-arrival testing is not necessary for children under the age of five. They will be tested and treated if they have found to be symptomatic for COVID-19 upon arrival or during the home quarantine period. In its most recent guidelines, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare clarified that the new guidelines supersede all previous guidelines on the subject issued on or after November 30, 2021.

Gatekeeper in Media

what is Gatekeeper in media field ?

In today’s media environment, the role of a gatekeeper within journalism is critical. Gatekeepers ultimately construct and conduct what has published to the public, thereby determining what will become the public’s social reality and worldview. In recent years, the distinction between determining who the media’s audiences are and who the journalists are in today’s society has increasingly muddied. Because of the wide range of accessibility provided by social media, the distinctions between public opinion and journalistic news have blurred.

With today’s fast-paced and competitive media environment, these social media channels have seen a significant rise, creating outlets where anyone can be a journalist. So, why do we require gatekeeper journalists any longer? The public requires trustworthy, intelligent, and relevant news sources, prompting a push to de-regulate clickbait and fake news in the media.

Because of the high consumption rates of clickbait, fake news, and non-journalistic social media pages, gatekeeping journalists are in need. This is because professional journalists must assert control over news production, and audiences must have access to a regulated system for educational and topical news. It all boils down to the public’s desire for trustworthiness. The audience wants to know that what they are reading is accurate and honest, and because a journalist’s traditional role is to serve the public and uphold ethical standards, gatekeeping is still important in today’s diverse media environment.

The problem with journalism’s credibility and professionalism is that the majority of journalists must be able to uphold these standards in order to distinguish themselves from the overcrowded fake news and clickbait articles that dominate our media environment.

Audiences have grown accustomed to the fast-paced and competitive nature of breaking news, and they sometimes fail to recognize that what has published in the media is not always accurate and reliable. This can trap users in a social media environment, such as Facebook, where clickbait articles are currently available. If the audience is not well versed in the difference between fact and fiction, they will believe anything they hear in the public sphere.

More than ever before, it is critical to provide gatekeeping journalists with a secure environment in which they are not reliant on audience feedback. Gatekeepers require a media environment that distinguishes the relationship between journalists and the public while providing newsworthy, in-depth, and honest reporting.

The main goal of this research was to establish a baseline for measuring and conceptualizing the gatekeeping influence of professional news organizations’ social media editors. We relied on aggregated engagement statistics cause the fact that data on individual user engagement with news items is generally not available due to privacy concerns. We can use time series analysis to see when news items spread quickly on social media, and if this possible to predicted by certain events, by tracking these statistics over time.

Technology: Merit & Demerit

You cannot imagine your life without technology – one of the most significant things that the world demands. The practical application of scientific knowledge for a specific purpose, better known as technology. It improves the utility of goods and services and aids in the creation of value. It facilitates any task and benefits us in a variety of ways. Technology has both beneficial and detrimental effects. Many people use it for personal gain, while others avail it to harm society and the environment.

In this article, we will discuss the benefits and drawbacks of technology. Let us tell you that when you weigh the benefits against the drawbacks, the benefits are far greater. Continue reading to gain a better understanding of technology.  

Advantages of Technology

  • Increase production

The technology allows for multiple increases in production. Human efforts and working energy are limited. Machines, on the other hand, can multiply production by a factor of ten because they are capable of performing the best. 

  • Preserves time

We can finish large tasks in less time. Everything has built upon the automated mode nowadays, and this technology helps to save a lot of time by automating tasks that humans cannot do. 

  • Communication is simple and quick

Communication has become as simple as pressing a button thanks to technological advancements. With the help of technology, you can make calls, send emails, faxes, order things online, and do a lot more with the click of a button. Technology has aided us in providing better communication options. 

  • Reduces cybercrime and online crime

Today’s technology has progressed to the point where there are apps that can detect fraud in seconds. Cyber-attacks have decreased, as advanced algorithms have developed to detect any type of cybercrime.

  • Has improved security

People’s safety has improved due to the technological advancements. CCTV cameras have created with the help of technology to keep your valuables safe at the store and home. Everything has captured on film, making it simple to track down the thief.

Disadvantages of Technology

  • Unemployment

With the advancement of technology, there has been a significant reduction in unemployment. People are increasingly reliant on computers for all of their tasks, as well as for their very survival. This has resulted in increased unemployment, as a single computer is capable of performing the work of a large number of people in a short amount of time.

  • Data protection

Hackers can hack your computer, bank accounts, office data, and much more using cutting-edge technology while sitting at home. Sharing OTPs and other personal information online has become risky due to the high risk of fraud. Sharing even a single piece of information on the internet increases the risk of data falling into the hands of criminals, hackers, terrorists, and foreign adversaries.

  • Concerns about your health

People nowadays are so engrossed in technology that they neglect their health. This has a variety of consequences for their health. They suffer from vision problems, obesity, insomnia, and a variety of other ailments. Some people cannot sleep unless they are on their phones. Some students are unable to concentrate on their studies because they are constantly checking their phones.

  • Data protection

Hackers can hack your computer, bank accounts, office data, and much more using cutting-edge technology while sitting at home. Sharing OTPs and other personal information online has become risky due to the high risk of fraud. Sharing even a single piece of information on the internet increases the risk of data falling into the hands of criminals, hackers, terrorists, and foreign adversaries.

  • Concerns about your health

People nowadays are so engrossed in technology that they neglect their health. This has a variety of consequences for their health. They suffer from vision problems, obesity, insomnia, and a variety of other ailments. Some people cannot sleep unless they are on their phones. Some students are unable to concentrate on their studies because they are constantly checking their phones.

Everyone’s life has influenced by technology. It has an emotional, physical, mental, and environmental impact on you. The world is a better place because of technology. It provides us with the freedom to live a better life and makes our lives easier. Technology aids in better communication, disease treatment, and space exploration and it can easily found everywhere. It not only aids in the development of the present, but also that of the future. As a result, technology is an integral part of our lives and will continue to be so as it evolves.

Public Relation with Advertisement

The two most important tools for promoting the company’s products and services are advertising and public relations. Advertising refers to a type of communication used by a company to persuade potential customers to choose the company’s product over other options. Public relations, on the other hand, is about establishing and maintaining positive relationships with a company’s stakeholders by gaining favourable publicity, establishing a good reputation, and so on.

Advertising, direct selling, sales promotion, and public relations are the four aspects of promotion. People are confused about the difference between advertising and public relations because they share some characteristics, but as the adage goes, “advertising pays, public relations persuades.”

Advertising – a paid, non-personal, one-way public communication that uses various communication channels to direct public attention to a product, service, company, or other objects in order to inform, influence, and instigate the target audience to respond in the manner desired by the advertiser. Print ads, radio or television ads, billboards, flyers, commercials, internet banner ads, direct mail, and other forms of advertising are all available.

The advertiser has complete control over what has advertised, how has it been advertised, and when it is advertised. Furthermore, the advertisement will run for as long as the advertiser’s budget permits. Because advertising is such a common marketing tool, it is always present, whether or not people are aware of it. Nowadays, advertising does not rely on a single medium to reach its intended audience.

Public relations is a strategic communication tool that employs a variety of channels to cultivate positive company relations. It is the practice of promoting a company’s positive image or reputation in the eyes of the public by telling or displaying the company’s products or services through print or broadcast media in the form of featured stories or articles. Its primary goal is to establish a trusting relationship between the brand and its customers, primarily through media exposure and coverage.

Non-paid publicity earned by a company through its goodwill, word of mouth, and other means referred to as public relations. Publicity, social media, press releases, press conferences, interviews, crisis management, featured stories, speeches, and news releases are all examples of public relations tactics. Both public relations and advertising use communication channels to inform and influence the public. Advertising, on the other hand, is a very expensive marketing tool because it can reach a large number of people at once. Public relations is a no cost implied endorsement as well as third party validation.

Management Consultant: Who are they?

Management Consultant: Who are they?

What terms constitute Management Consultant?
We start the topic by defining the term management. Management is a process of planning, decision making, organizing, leading, motivation and controlling the human resources, and all other resources of a company or an organization to reach its goals efficiently and effectively.
Then by defining who is consultant? A person who knows thoroughly about a particular subject and is employed to give advice about it to others in a company.

Who is Management Consultant?
Simply by fusing these words, we can get an idea about who is management consultant? A management consultant, also known as management analyst, helps a company or government entity plan and execute projects with the desired results of becoming more profitable or competitive. To achieve this goal, the consultant may advocate a variety of plan of action to reshape the organization’s structure or operation methods in ways that result in increased profits, better systems, and improved efficacy.

Need of Management Consultancy-
Businesses today face many hindrances, many of which are ruinous to working of company proficiently. With the ever-changing market conditions and the emergence of new technologies, businesses need to continue to expand Companies often need assistance to execute changes mandatory to their economic health. Management consultants provide their expertise to help their clients attain efficiency through the proposed changes.

Qualifications Required for Management Consultant-
• Bachelor’s degree from a top institution
• Well-built core consulting expertise of research, analysis, presentation, and attention to detail
• Inclination to hold new concepts and effectively produce outcomes
• Peculiar problem-solving skills – an analytical, innovative, and creative approach
• Noteworthy written and verbal communication skills
• Ability to be autonomous and be an independent contributor to the team

Job profile of a Management Consultant:
• Fully understanding the workings of the company – this includes looking at company processes and researching competitors, supply chains and other key influences on the organisation’s operations
• Collecting feedback from staff, senior management and any other stakeholders
• Running focus groups
• Collecting data from different areas of the company and analysing it
• Identifying issues and making suggestions for how to resolve them
• Creating proposals for what you plan to do (based on your findings) and presenting them to the client’s management team.
• Implementing your solutions and supporting the organisation in carrying forward your recommendations.
• Managing projects and teams.

Categorisation of major Consulting advices:
Consulting advice encompasses a wide variety of management issues that can be divided into the following categories:

• Strategy Consulting: Offering advice on a project-by-project basis. This might include corporate strategy; business case development; new market entry; growth strategy; due diligence of potential acquisitions/disposals; long-term planning; company reorganisation; rationalisation of services and products; company appraisal.

• Operational Consulting: Cost reduction and productivity; process improvement; production control; colleague incentives; quality control.

• Marketing Consulting: Market research and forecasting; training of the sales team; market positioning and strategy; organisation of retail and wholesale outlets.

• Financial Consulting: Budget control; profit planning; financial administration and technology implementation; cost reduction and efficiencies.

• Human Resources Consulting: Specialist HR advice on talent acquisition and rewards; policy; planning; enrichment; evaluation. Also assisting with organisational design and restructuring.

• Technology Consulting: Development of technology architecture; technology infrastructure; complex programming; defining needs; software provision; systems design and analysis; computer feasibility studies.

• Applications Consulting: Provide advice on issues related to large-scale implementation of data software applications.

• Environmental Consulting: Development planning; economic research; cost-benefit studies; social analysis; physical, economic, sociological and ecological studies.

• Quality Management Consulting: Setting strategy; processes and/or policies; performance measurement; customer satisfaction; people management.

• Outsourcing Consulting: Management of outsourcing projects such as IT, HR or finance.

What do management consultants actually do?
Functional Expertise and Specializations:
Management consultants provide industry counsel, advice and functional expertise in specialized areas such as strategy, mergers, governance, reorganizations, organization design, strategic leadership, operations, finance, risk management, digital transformation, information technology, organizational change management, organization development, human resources, talent management, advertising, and marketing to name a few.

Objective Analyses and Assessments
A management consultant serves as an objective third party to conduct in-depth research and analysis and then provides an unbiased opinion and perspective on difficult matters and complex business problems and issues.

Project Management
Management consultants work directly with senior leadership and internal project teams to deliver hands-on project management and leadership consulting to include project implementation, execution and measurement.

Different Management Consultancy in India:
KVP Business Solutions
KVP is based in Bangalore and is one of the most exciting new consultancies in India. Founded in 2008, it is already touching 200 employees and an annual revenue of nearly 1 billion INR.

Tata Strategic Management Group
Tata slightly slower recent growth is what stops it from ranking higher. The firm started up Chennai in 1991 and has since enjoyed a meteoric rise. It has a revenue of US$113 billion and over 700,000 employees.

PRTM Management Consultants
Pittiglio Rabin Todd & McGrath (PRTM) is actually now a global management consulting firm. In India, its primary focus is in Bangalore. It has over 20 offices across the Americas, Europe and Asia. It was initially founded in 1976, by ex-pats Pittiglio, Rabin Todd & McGrath (PRTM).

Kantar Health
Kantar Health is a leading global healthcare consulting firm and advisor to many of the world’s leading pharmaceutical, biotech, and medical device and diagnostic companies.

Line data
Line data was founded in 1998 as the result of a merger of three firms: GSI Division des Banques, Line Data and BDB Participation. It now has over 13,000 employees and has carved out a reasonably sized niche in its specialist area. Line data focuses on financial or transactional consulting. The firm deals with, asset management, lending & leasing, insurance, service & outsourcing, technology. It is especially relevant for aspiring consultants who hope to transition into a financial services career at a later date.

Wipro
Wipro Ltd. is a leading Information Technology, Consulting and Business company. It delivers innovative solutions to enable its clients do business better. The firm delivers winning business outcomes through its deep industry experience and a 360-degree view of “Business through Technology”. It is currently pulling in nearly $8bn in revenue with its 120,000 employees.

The Big Four are the world’s largest consulting firms, accounting for nearly 40% of the industry’s $150 billion global market. PwC, Deloitte, EY and KPMG are followed by US strategy giants McKinsey & Company and The Boston Consulting Group.

All you need to know about becoming an investment banker

All you need to know about becoming an investment banker
Investment banking is in trend nowadays. It is one of the most high-paying job sectors in India which ensures a bright and secure future. Many students after completing their studies, think of pursuing the field of investment banking.
As people are focusing more on investing and creating capital instead of just earning it, the demand for investment banking professionals has also increased. Investment banking is a service incorporated with finances where the investment bankers provide advice and directions for the people for investing their wealth for fruitful returns in the future. If you are also interested in the field of investment banking, then you are at the right place. Today, we will discuss everything about the investment baking domain and investment bankers. So fasten your seat belts and let’s begin the journey of understanding investment banking.
What is an investment banker?
Let’s start with the basics first. An investment banker is a finance professional that guides people who want to invest their money or their wealth. The main responsibility of the investment banker is to make assets and reduce the liabilities of the client. Mostly wealthy people and people with high net worth take the assistance of investment bankers for increasing their wealth.
Investment banking is the service that is provided by many corporations, bank sections, organizations, etc. for helping their clients in raising money. The investment bankers provide services like getting a bond, buying stocks, mutual funds, etc.
How to become an investment banker?
Investment banking is a very competitive, dynamic, and fast-paced field. An individual needs good adaptability to enter, accomplish and stay in the field. In India, there is no fixed degree required to become an investment banker, but there are few courses that help in adding more value to a person’s resume if he or she wants to become an investment banker. Having degrees related to finance and the economy is really helpful.
• B.Com [ Bachelor of Communication]
• Bachelor of Arts [ BA] in economics/finance
• Chartered Financial Analyst [CFA] course
• Bachelor of Business Administration [BBA] in Finance
Above mentioned courses and degrees are for students who are trying to find a direction to become an investment banker after their schooling. These are graduation courses. After that, if a person further wants to continue his or her studies in the field of investment banking then, doing an MBA [ Masters of Business Administration] in Finance/ Economics will be the best alternative. You can also opt for Maters of Arts [MA] in Economics. Doing a master’s degree strengthens the resume and provides a good scope of development along with a higher salary package.
Skills required to become an investment banker
Formal education is very important in any field and investment banking is no exception. But in a dynamic field, skills play a more important role. If you have good skills then even with average education you can easily excel in this field. Let’s see what skills are required to become a good investment banker;
• Analytical skills
• Leadership skills
• Communication skills
• Interpersonal skills
• Time management
• Energy-driven
• Self-confidence
A good investment banker should have strong analytical skills to calculate risks and returns in advance. Having a good eye for all the data is very important. But just having the data isn’t enough. A good investment banker should also be able to calculate and conclude that data. That’s why having good numerical skills is also a priority. Leadership skills are required to conduct and manage the team in the best possible way.
It is very important to communicate and explain the ideas and thought process with your team members and good communication skills are the major necessity for that. Every second matter in the field of investment banking that’s why efficient time management skills are a must. Many challenges come forward but a good investment banker should be able to cope up with them with his or her energy-driven attitude and self-confidence.
Job profiles and salary of the investment banker
The job profiles in the investment banking sector are varied and wide-ranged like analyst, associate, leadership roles like manager, etc. These all are the roles that you can get as an investment banker.
In this field, experience is very important. The more experienced a candidate is the more possibility of him or her becoming an asset for the company. This also affects the salary package of the candidate. The average starting salary package of a candidate is around 5 to 6 lakh per annum. Without any experience, the candidate can get up to 3 to 4 lakh. With an intermediate experience level, the candidate can receive up to 10 to 15 lakh while highly skilled and experienced professionals get up to 50 lakhs in this field. Investment banking proffers large scope of development.

How much a CS can earn?

How much a CS can earn?

CS or Company secretary is a reputed course which proffers a bright career for all the students. A company secretary is a person who helps companies and organizations on legal matters of a firm. It is a high-profile position that is responsible for taxations, board advising, etc. in an organization. A company secretary as a career is a great choice. Before choosing it as a profession it is common to ask what is the company secretary salary in India? Today we will discuss and help you understand all the factors that affect the company secretary salary in India.

The salary trend for CS profile also varies according to the entry-level, mediate, and experienced levels. The skills also determine the company secretary’s salary in India. The firm or the company’s reputation and size also determine the salary ranges. Company secretary as a career in a reputed and well-established firm will be a fruitful chance but newly established firms provide more challenges and opportunities to use your knowledge practically.

Company secretary salary in India as a fresher

Initially, the company secretary’s salary in India ranges from Rs. 2,00,000 to Rs. 8,00,000. The monthly salary can be estimated as Rs. 28,000 to Rs. 60,000 This is affected by various other factors. Skills play a major role in the salary range. If you have an impressive personality with good work skills then there are high chances that you will impress the employers and negotiate a good package. Company secretary as a career requires a learning attitude and strong organizational skills.

For determining your starting salary, the location also plays a very important role. Companies which are situated in big cities offer higher salaries compared to less developed cities.

Company secretary salary in India as a mediate

The company secretary salary in India with mediate level ranges from Rs. 2,50,000 to Rs. 7,70,000. The starting package of the candidate determines the later increments as well. According to various levels of experience, the salary package of a CS is increased. The experience and salary are directly proportional to each other.

A company secretary as a career is very satisfying in terms of work and earnings after gaining a few years of experience. If you have experience of 4 to 5 years then your salary can range around Rs. 2,50,000 to Rs. 7,50,000 on average. With the experience of 5 to 9 years, the salary ranges around Rs. 3,50,000 to Rs. 9,00,000. Metro cities offer higher salary but the cost of living is also higher in those locations. The company secretary salary in India is considered according to the skills and potential of the candidate as well.

Company secretary salary of a highly experienced candidate

The company secretary salary In India is quite high for an experienced candidate. If the candidate has an experience level of around 8 to 15 years then, the salary negotiations can go as high as Rs. 10,00,000 to Rs.14,00,000 but as mentioned above the reputation and size of the firm along with the location play a very important role in determining the salary of the candidate. The candidates with experience of more than 20 years can earn as high as Rs. 15,00,000 to Rs. 24,00,000 per year. The candidate with higher experience is seen as a more valuable asset for a company that’s why the companies offer more salary for them. The company secretary as a career is a good choice if you are interested in law and economy.

Other benefits for a CS

CS also gets other benefits from the company. Under the Company Act, the company secretary gets other key responsibilities as well like filling returns, change in share of the capital of companies, keeping legal documents safe, etc.

Choosing a Company secretary as a career also entrusts other responsibilities like the smooth running of an organization. For his or her duties, he or she also gets other advantages like;

  • Medical insurance
  • Stock options
  • Paid sick leaves
  • Company pension plan
  • Bonus
  • Life insurance

Though these kinds of extra facilities can vary according to the company’s personal and internal policies as well.

Final verdict

Choosing a company secretary as a career is satisfying as well as thrilling in many ways. You will need to handle various matters related to the law and order of the country. The payout of the company secretary is also satisfying when you gain enough experience.

The company secretary’s salary in India goes up with the experience and the skills of the candidate. In today’s world of competition, the candidate should focus on developing his or her skills through various courses and try to explore their full potential. The company secretary salary in India starts with an average amount but this amount can get higher if applied to international firms and organizations.