Category Archives: Medical

Environmental and Health Impacts

Environmental and Health Impacts of Air Pollution

Multiple human activities influence the environment, so the interactions between humans and their physical surroundings have studied deeply. The biotic (living organisms and microorganisms) and abiotic (inanimate objects) worlds collide in the environment (hydrosphere, lithosphere, and atmosphere). Pollution – the introduction of substances that are harmful to humans and other living organisms into the environment. Pollutants are harmful solids, liquids, or gases that have produced in higher-than-normal concentrations and degrade our environment’s quality.

Human activities pollute the water we drink, the air we breathe, and the soil in which plants grow, all of which harm the environment. Although the industrial revolution was a huge success in terms of technology, society, and the provision of a wide range of services, it also resulted in the release of massive amounts of pollutants into the air that are hazardous to human health.

Without a doubt, global environmental pollution considers as a multifaceted international public health issue. This major issue has linked to social, economic, and legislative concerns, as well as lifestyle habits. Clearly, in our era, urbanisation and industrialization are reaching unprecedented and upsetting levels around the world.

Anthropogenic air pollution is one of the world’s most serious public health threats, causing approximately 9 million deaths each year. Without a doubt, the entire aforementioned have linked to climate change, and the consequences for humankind could be dire if the situation worsens. Climate change and the effects of global planetary warming have a significant impact on multiple ecosystems, resulting in issues such as food safety, ice and iceberg melting, animal extinction, and plant damage. Air pollution has a variety of negative health consequences. Even on days when air pollution is low, vulnerable and sensitive people’s health possibly harmed.

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, asthma, respiratory disease, and high hospitalisation rates are all linked to short-term exposure to air pollutants (a measurement of morbidity). In conclusion, a global prevention policy needed to develop to combat anthropogenic air pollution as a complement to the proper management of air pollution’s adverse health effects. To display the problem more effectively, sustainable development practises need fully used in conjunction with research findings.

For effective pollution control, international cooperation in terms of research, development, administration policy, monitoring, and politics is critical at this time. Air pollution legislation needs to be updated and aligned, and policymakers should propose the creation of a powerful tool for environmental and health protection. As a result, the central argument of this essay is that we should concentrate on fostering local structures to promote experience and practise, and then extrapolate these to the international level through the development of effective policies for ecosystem management.

Only public awareness combined with a multidisciplinary approach by scientific experts will be able to address this problem; national and international organisations must address the emergence of this threat and propose long-term solutions.

Fast Food

  • why it is unhealth ?

The truth is that eating at fast-food restaurants on a regular basis makes it extremely difficult to maintain a healthy diet. Fast food is typically high in calories, sodium, and unhealthy fat, with one meal often providing enough for an entire day. It is also deficient in nutrients and almost entirely devoid of fruits, vegetables, and fibre. That does not mean you have kill your fast food. When you are hungry and on the go, fast food is a great option. It is inexpensive, tasty, and most importantly, convenient. While it is fine to give in to a craving now and then, you cannot make it a regular habit if you want to stay healthy.

The key is moderation, both in terms of how often you visit fast food joints and what you order when you do. When you are trying to lose weight or improve your health, fast food menus can be difficult to navigate. In most fast-food restaurants, finding a healthy, well-balanced meal is difficult. Fast food is a nutrient-poor, energy-dense food that is low in fibre and micronutrients and high in refined grains, sodium, and sugar; it also contains a lot of saturated and trans-fatty acids, as well as processed starches. Fast food, such as hamburgers, cheeseburgers, and French fries, as well as ham, salami, bacon, chorizo, and sausages, have the highest energy density.

The majority of fast food, including drinks and sides, is high in carbohydrates and low in fibre. Carbs are enter into your bloodstream as glucose (sugar) when your digestive system breaks down these foods. Your blood sugar level rises as a result. When your blood glucose levels rise, your pancreas releases insulin. Insulin is a hormone that transports sugar from your bloodstream to cells that require it for energy. Your blood sugar levels return to normal as your body uses or stores the sugar. Your body regulates this blood sugar process, and as long as you are in good health, your organs can handle these sugar spikes .


However, eating more carbs on a regular basis can cause your blood sugar to spike repeatedly. These insulin spikes may cause your body’s normal insulin response to deteriorating over time. Insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and weight gain are all risks associated with this.

Everyone’s attention had drawn to the fast-food industry’s success. Animal rights activists and health experts believe it is harmful to the health of the person who consumes it. Fast food not only causes obesity in children and adolescents, but it also has an impact on agricultural concerns. The majority of fast food items contain juices and enzymes, which add a significant amount of fat and calories to our diet. They are deficient in vitamins, fibre, and other nutrients that the body requires to function properly

  • Risky

Obesity, cardiovascular disease, and other physical problems, which all linked to fast food consumption. The rising health risks associated with fast food eventually able to reduce if more people adopt a healthy and balanced diet. There must be a conscious effort on the part of people to adopt healthy eating habits. To ensure high-quality food, fast-food restaurants need to be controlled. Fast-food items may appear to be a time saver and enhancer of flavour, but they will never match the quality, benefit, or love of homemade items.

Career Opportunities After Biotechnology

Career Opportunities After Biotechnology

The biotech business is a key economic engine for employment seekers, creating a large pool of GDP.
Because of the demand for quick innovation, this business provides a lot of employment opportunities, and your talents can help you land one.
If you want to pursue a career in this sector, we’ve compiled a comprehensive list of alternatives for you to consider. Continue reading to enter a sea of possibilities.

Pursue post-graduation in biotechnology
Choosing to pursue a post-graduate degree in biotechnology can help you grow in your profession by demonstrating that you have extensive expertise in this subject.
Post-graduation will not only broaden your understanding of this area but will also improve your employment prospects in both the commercial and public sectors.
You can apply for examinations like GATE and CSIR NET, which will allow you to pursue higher study at a well-known university in India or abroad. You may also pursue your master’s degree at famous universities such as IIT, JNU, and AIMS.

Work under a scientist
If you are discontinuing your studies or want to take a year off, you can work as an assistant researcher for a scientist who is working on a project in a relevant subject.
This will provide you with laboratory experience as well as improve your lab abilities. Although you will not be paid well for this work, and experience certificate will benefit you in the long run. If you work well, you may get promoted to a position where you may perform your tests or study.

Apply for a job in the private sector
The biotechnology industry and sectors are endless. These private positions are looking for biotechnology specialists that are much too excellent for their business. Fresh biotech graduates can apply for jobs in these fields and make a lot of money.
Chemical and pharmaceutical businesses, bioprocessing industries, cosmetic industries, firms involved in the production and development of agricultural and biological goods, some healthcare product manufacturing organizations, and so on are some of the key recruiters.
So, if you’re more of a business person, you may skip these alternatives once you’ve graduated.

Work as a Laboratory Technician/Assistant
So far, this appears to be one of the most practical professions you may do straight after college.
Some commercial and public institutions and laboratories are looking for lab managers and technical assistants who are comfortable with laboratory equipment and can execute laboratory tests or methods.
You may also indulge yourself by doing some lab work, dealing with specialist lab equipment and machinery, and much more if you choose this as a career choice. The salary for this profession is not likely to be high, but you will acquire a lot of practical experience.

Become an entrepreneur
One of the dreams of many young people is to become an entrepreneur.
One of the finest job possibilities in biotechnology is to start your own company and take it to new heights. You may also do great things in these sectors if you are a biotechnology student.
For example, you may start your firm to design various medicines, produce RNA Therapies, and store cultures and cells for laboratories. Being an entrepreneur will be a great profession for you if you want to be your boss in life and work according to your schedule rather than a set timetable. Various companies that have been created in the field of research might inspire you.

Apply for the job of Sales in a Biopharma company
Doors are always available for those who desire to work in biotech firms after graduating with a biotech degree.
Following graduation, job seekers can apply for a variety of positions and possibilities. Choosing non-scientific occupations such as sales agent or medical representative will allow you to pursue a career in biotechnology.
You may work for Biocon, Panacea Biotec Limited, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Limited, Novozymes, and many more top businesses. As a sales representative, you will interact with doctors, researchers, technicians, students, and pharmaceutical scientists.

Apply in the government sector
Graduates can pursue a career in the government sector in a variety of ways. Biotech advancements in India are regulated by the Department of Biotechnology, which is under the Ministry of Science and Technology’s supervision.
Vacancies for various positions are common. You can also work for the government in a variety of research organizations or public health care facilities.

Get a job in Research and Development (R&D)
If you want to take a year off before starting your postgraduate studies, you might find a job in research and development in India. Working in R&D would be one of the greatest job possibilities in biotechnology for those with an MSc or Ph.D. who want to go further.
You may learn a great deal about how research is conducted. Also, if you are committed to your profession, you will be promoted to higher positions regularly, which will improve your income.

Medical Professions

Medical Professions

Who are Medical Professionals?
Based on official training and experience, a health professional (or healthcare professional) may give health care treatment and counseling. Medical doctors (such as family physicians, internists, obstetricians, psychiatrists, radiologists, surgeons, and physician assistants), veterinarians, veterinary technicians, veterinary assistants, pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, medical assistants, nurses, physical therapists, occupational therapists, dentists, midwives, and psychologists, as well as those who provide allied health services, are all included in this field. A health professional may also be a public or community health specialist.

Human health is maintained by health professionals who use evidence-based medicine and compassionate care to apply the concepts and processes of evidence-based medicine. Human sickness, injury, and other physical and mental disabilities are studied, diagnosed, treated, and prevented by health professionals in line with the requirements of the people they serve. They advise on or implement preventative and curative treatments, as well as promote health, with the ultimate objective of fulfilling individual and population health needs and expectations, and improving population health outcomes.

In order to enhance evidence-based health care, they also undertake research and refine or invent concepts, theories, and operational techniques.

Definition Of The Medical Profession
It is a profession that focuses on recognizing, diagnosing, and treating ailments utilizing scientific and highly specialized knowledge in order to preserve, promote, and restore good health. A vocation in which the primary focus is for the patients, and the following principles apply:
• It is necessary to initiate, apply, and disseminate scientific knowledge.
• To improve service, continuous evolution is employed.
• Knowledge is used ethically and competently.
• Medical practice is constantly geared toward meeting community and individual health requirements and promoting well-being.

Definition Of The Medical Professional
A qualified doctor who follows and is totally dedicated to the Medical Profession’s ethical principles and ideals is referred to as a Medical Professional.

Definition Of Medical Professionalism
Medical Professionalism comprises all the basic ethical and deontological principles that sustain the commitment of the Medical Professionals to the society they serve. These principles evolve with social changes and also help to sustain the trust of people on their doctors.

-Fundamental principles of Medical Professionalism:
Medicine must be practiced in such a way that the patient’s rights are constantly prioritized, and this idea serves as a solid foundation for the patient’s faith in his or her doctor. The concepts of autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice also apply to this medical ethical behavior.

  • Medical Professionalism’s fundamental values:
    Doctors must put their knowledge, skills, and judgement to work for the people they serve, with the clear goal of promoting health, preventing and treating sickness, and improving people’s well-being. As a result, the Medical Professional should be dedicated to:

-Making the greatest use of their expertise and the resources at their disposal.

-When confronted with hardship, it’s important to be empathetic.

-They keep up to date and strive to improve the service they give.

-Collaboration with other health experts and organizations to enhance health and increase happiness.

Qualities of Medical Professionals:
To be successful in their field, healthcare workers need have the following qualities:
• Emotional equilibrium;
• Empathy
• Interpersonal and communication abilities;
• a keen eye for detail
• Skills in problem-solving;
• Technical knowledge and competence;
• fostering a collaborative atmosphere

Types Of Healthcare Professionals List
-Primary care physicians: These are the doctors who people generally go to first to figure out what’s wrong with them. Primary care providers are classified into several groups, including:

-Doctors that specialize in pediatrics, family medicine, or internal medicine are known as general practitioners, and they are typically accompanied by physician assistants.

-Registered nurses who have earned specializations in fields such as geriatrics, family practice, adult care, or pediatrics are known as nurse practitioners.

-Doctors that specialize in obstetrics and gynecology are known as OB/GYNs.

-Professionals involved in nursing care:
They come in a variety of shapes and sizes, including:
Registered nurses are nurses who have completed a nursing programmed and are licensed to work in a certain place.
Licensed practical nurses are caregivers who have completed the necessary training to deal with a variety of medical problems.
Compared to registered nurses and licensed practical nurses, advanced practice nurses have greater education and experience.
Community health, prenatal care, heart health, anesthesia, and psychiatry are among areas where advanced practice nurses can get training.

-Drug treatment experts: These health professionals have graduated from a pharmaceutical institution and are qualified to provide patients with information about various drugs. The amount of medication or its adverse effects might be among the details disclosed.

-Doctors who specialize in one field of medicine after studying it intensively for a number of years are known as specialty care experts. Neurology, urology, cardiology, psychiatry, and oncology are some of the specialties available.

-Therapists are considered experts as well, although their areas of specialization differ from those of doctors.

How to register for COVID vaccination: A step by step guide

How to register for COVID vaccination: A step by step guide

What is covid vaccine?
A COVID19 vaccine is a vaccine designed to confer acquired immunity against the virus that causes coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID19), the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARSCoV2). They have received widespread acclaim for their role in decreasing COVID-19’s spread, severity, and mortality.
Prior to the COVID19 pandemic, there was a well-established body of information regarding the structure and function of coronaviruses that cause illnesses like SARS and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). During the early 2020s, this information aided the development of several vaccination technologies.

Types of vaccines
. RNA vaccines
When RNA is injected into a tissue, it functions as messenger RNA (mRNA), causing the cells to produce the foreign protein and stimulating an adaptive immune response that teaches the body how to recognise and eliminate the pathogen or cancer cells. Nucleoside-modified messenger RNA is commonly used in RNA vaccines, although not always. The transport of mRNA is accomplished by combining the molecule with lipid nanoparticles, which shield the RNA strands and aid their absorption into cells.

. Adenovirus vector vaccines
These vaccines, which use an adenovirus shell carrying DNA that encodes a SARSCoV2 protein, are non-replicating viral vector vaccines. On-replicating virus vector-based vaccines against COVID-19 generate just the antigen that induces a systemic immune response, rather than producing new virus particles.

. Inactivated virus vaccines
Inactivated vaccines are made up of viral particles that have been produced in culture and then destroyed with heat or formaldehyde to lose their ability to cause illness while still triggering an immune response.

. Other types
Viral-like particle vaccines, numerous DNA plasmid vaccines, at least two lentivirus vector vaccines, a conjugate vaccine, and a vesicular stomatitis virus expressing the SARSCoV2 spike protein are among the other vaccines under clinical testing.

What are the benefits of getting a COVID-19 vaccine?
• Prevent yourself from contracting COVID-19, becoming very ill, or dying as a result of COVID-19.
• Stop yourself from infecting others with the COVID-19 virus.
• Increase the number of persons in the community who are immune to COVID-19, making the illness more difficult to spread and contributing to herd immunity.
• Stop the COVID-19 virus from spreading and reproducing, which would allow it to evolve and become more vaccination resistant.

How to book slot for vaccination on Paytm?
• To begin, go to the Google Play Store and download the Paytm app for Android.
• Then go to the Paytm app and sign in.
• Scroll to the Mini App Store area at the bottom of the page.
• The Vaccine Finder option will be available here.
• You can also search for vaccination finder by tapping on the search icon.
• Then, after filling up the relevant information, tap on ‘Check Availability’ to see whether any Covid vaccination slots are available.

How to register yourself for coronavirus vaccine via Co-WIN app?
• On your Android phone, download and instal the Co-WIN app.
• To get started, open the app and input your phone number.
• Once you’ve received the OTP, enter it and click Verify.
• The signup page will now appear.
• Fill in your personal information, such as your name, age, and gender.
• Please upload the necessary papers.
• To register, use the register button.
• Choose a health centre and schedule an appointment for any time that is convenient for you.
• To successfully register for the Covid vaccination, tap on Book Appointment.

How to book slots for vaccine on CoWIN website?
• Go to for further information.
• ‘Find Your Nearest Vaccination Centre’ is located at the bottom of the page.
• Then choose ‘Register Yourself.’
• Enter your phone number and press the ‘Get OTP’ button.
• To reserve a space, enter the OTP and follow the on-screen instructions.

How to register using the Aarogya Setu app on Android, iOS?
• On your Android or iOS smartphone, download and instal the Aarogya Setu app.
• Check to see if the app is up to date if you already have it installed.
• Follow the on-screen steps to register.
• Select Vaccination from the drop-down menu.
• Enter your phone number and confirm it with an OTP.
• Fill out the essential information to register for the Covid vaccination.
• You will receive an SMS on the provided cell phone number after the booking has been completed successfully.
• The immunisation centre will want proof of such confirmation.

What is the dose schedule of both vaccines?
The gap between two doses of Covishield should be 4-8 weeks.
The second dosage of Covaxin can be given 4-6 weeks following the first.

What are the symptoms after vaccination?
Fever, chills, bodily aches, and exhaustion. If they appear, plain paracetamol can be taken.
At the injection site, there will be redness and discomfort.

Click Here

Worried about your career after B.Sc?

Worried about your career after B.Sc?
Are you worried about your career after B.Sc? It’s normal to have doubts like what is the career possibilities after B.Sc. Students face many doubts and dilemmas regarding their career after B.Sc.
Bachelor of Science is among the most famous courses that any science student chooses to do after his or her school. There are plenty of options available for a career after B.Sc. You can easily choose among them to start the foundation of a successful career. The best part is that a B.Sc degree doesn’t hold you back for only certain choices rather it provides a wide range to fulfill your dream career after completing the degree.
It is very important to have proper knowledge about the courses and opportunities available after B.Sc to take the right decision for your future. That’s why we have presented you this blog after our intense research on all the possible career options after B.Sc. Let’s start by discussing all the career options available for you after your Bachelor of Science.
Pursuing higher studies
After a Bachelor of Science, opting for Masters of Science [ M.Sc] is the most chosen career option. You can choose various specializations under the master’s course to get a better understanding of your desired subject. you can choose your subject of specialization among Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Botany, Microbiology, Food Sciences, etc. The Master of Science is a two-year-long course that boosts your chances of landing a higher profile job with good pay. If you choose to pursue M.Sc after Bachelor of science then you can opt for the public as well as the private sector. In this direction, the career after B.Sc includes biochemist, statistician, mathematician, scientist, etc.
MCA [ Masters of Computer Applications]
Career after B.Sc also provides you the scope of opting for MCA. In this course, you learn about computers and technology. If technology interests you then, it can be a good path for your career after B.Sc. Bachelor of Science allows you to pursue this course in various domains like networking, application software development, etc. MCA is a three-year-long program. You can build a lucrative career in the IT sector and various government organizations. It is one of the fast pacing career options after B.Sc.
It stands for bachelors of education which is a 2-year long program. If you wish to pursue your career after B.Sc especially in the teaching sector then, it is the best option for you. It prepares you for a straight teaching career along with opportunities in other government sectors. You can also choose the private sector after this course.
MBA [ Masters f Business Management]
If you are willing to make a career in the corporate sector then MBA is a good option for making a career after B.Sc. The course allows you to opt for various specializations like marketing, human resource management, finance, etc. Doing MBA after Bachelor of Science from IIMs provides security of high packages along with fulfilling jobs.
You need to clear exams like CAT, XAT, etc. to get admission to good MBA colleges which provide satisfying placements. MBA as a career after B.Sc is a wise decision to make if you are keen on managing and organizing things.
Civil services
If the desire of serving your country doesn’t let you sleep at night then, civil services can be your dream job. After a bachelor of Science, you can apply for UPSC and PSC. These exams are conducted to choose deserving candidates for IAS, IPS, etc. Civil services as a career after B.Sc promises a reputed position along with the satisfaction of serving your country. This field requires good general knowledge and a keen sense of leadership.
Government jobs
If you want a secure job with great security then, government jobs are the best career option after B.Sc. There are various profiles that you can opt for like forest ranger, LDC, court employee, etc. The government sector provides good salary along with security to the job which is missing in various other fields. Also, it provides a lot of other benefits in the job for a candidate. A Bachelor of science can help you in securing a good job in the government sector right after completing college.
With various other career options after B.Sc, the defense field is also a good opportunity. You can apply for the navy, army, etc. The defense sector also needs staff that helps in administration. With a degree of bachelor’s of science, you can apply for administrative jobs in the defense sector.
This is quite a less taken path of career after B.Sc. which promises a dazzling and glamourous career along with a lot of challenges and hard work. You can opt for Design schools like NIFT, IIFT, etc. for diplomas or higher courses.
Bachelor of science provides various career opportunities. With hard work and skills, you can get your desired career after B.Sc. There are plenty of career options after a B.Sc that help you in building the foundation of a successful career. You can also take the help of a career counselor to choose a good career after B.Sc that fits with your interests and skills.

Has B.pharma good career scope?

Has B.pharma good career scope?
Bachelors of pharmacy involves the study of pharmaceuticals and medicines. The course allows students to pursue their careers further in the medical field. It also cuts down the neck-to-neck competition for medical courses like MBBS and BDS. scope is wide and fruitful for students who want to work in the medical field. The B.pharma career opportunities are eclectic in the medical field and you can choose among different options according to your will and interest.
Students who are interested in pursuing this course or already pursuing, often wonder about the B.pharma scope. Deciding for your career path is a very important decision of life that should be taken with proper consideration and research. But in India, many students don’t have enough knowledge and information about all the available B.pharma career opportunities. Let’s not worry about it anymore because we have got your back through this article. Here, we will discuss all B.pharmaacy scope and available B.pharma career opportunities.
Pursuing higher studies after a Bachelor of pharmacy is a great option. It enhances the knowledge of a student by providing more in-depth insight into the field. It also improves the resume of a student which can be a great step to land a good job afterward. M.pharma enhances the B.pharma scope for a better job profile. This course provides various specialization options to pursue like pharmaceutics, quality assurance, regulatory affairs, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacology, etc.
Masters of Business Administration is a versatile course that you can opt for after your bachelor of pharmacy. It helps to widen the horizons of B.pharma career opportunities. It is a 2-year program allowing students to choose among different specializations to enhance their skills. By this course, you can enter in scope of the corporate world. MBA from IIMs confirms the security of hefty annual packages for your skills and hard work.
The government sector has a high demand for pharmacists. If you want the security and safety of a fixed salary when applying for government jobs provides wide scope. For a pharmacist job, a bachelor’s of pharmacy is asked as basic eligibility criteria. The salary for different positions varies from Rs. 45,000 to Rs. 55,000. B.pharma career opportunities in the government sector offer a promising career ahead.
Medical underwriting
It is an unheard domain as the B.pharma scope but it a good field to opt after pharmacy. But it is also one of the lowest-paying jobs in this field. This job requires you to write in the medical domain. You can work as medical scribes, medical transcriptor, medical coder, etc. After proper training and experience, the pay scale further increases in the field. If you are interested in writing then, medical underwriting can be a great B.pharma career opportunity for you.
After a bachelor’s of pharmacy, you have the option of starting your medical shop or store under scope. If you have keen skills to build a business as a pharmacy student then, starting your medical store is a great B.pharma career opportunity for you. additional knowledge of pharmacy will help you to understand the field more.
Quality control and Production
This role requires a candidate who can look after the quality and production process of manufacturing drugs and medicines. Quality control and production manager as a scope is a great option. You can work as a supervisor, manager, etc. The salary range in this field after a Bachelor of pharmacy increases as the skills get more polished and the candidate gains more experience.
If you are interested in teaching and want to pursue a career further in that line then, opting for a bachelor’s of education is also a path of wide scope. You can opt for B.ed and apply for teaching jobs either in the government or private sector. You can also pursue further studies after B.Ed to become a lecturer or professor.
Are you interested in pursuing a law career? The switch to the law from the pharmacy is quite unusual but yes if you wish to make your career in law then, your LLB is also a good B.pharma career opportunity. You can further opt for LLM after completing your law degree.
Drug Inspector
This is a great opportunity under scope for students. It is a job profile presented by the government also. When a drug is presented for public sale, the drug inspector’s role comes into play. Drug inspector mainly works in a manufacturing department and ensure the proper functioning of the system.
Bachelors of pharmacy provides many options for students to pursue further. The B.pharma career opportunities are wide and vast territory which allows you to choose between different options. From government sectors to private sectors you can opt for various positions and job profiles. While deciding to choose a career path among various options be mindful of your interest and skills.

What are Black Fungus and its side effects?

What are black fungus and its side effects?

After the severe rise in covid-19 cases in the second wave, a new disease named ‘black fungus’ has also surfaced. The first case of covid-19 disease came from Bihar. Black fungus disease is also known as mucormycosis. This disease is caused by general fungal spores that are normally found everywhere. Mainly this disease is caused due to weak immunity.

Black fungus is a deadly disease and there is not much research done about it, there is still a lack of information regarding this disease. Black fungus has a high mortality rate of 50%, which’s why the Indian government is very concerned about this disease. Speculations are being made that if the black fungus spreads to a large extent then it will be very hazardous for human lives. Covid-19 has already caused a lot of damage to human lives as well as to the economy of the country. Black fungus is non-contagious which means it doesn’t spread from person to person. But still, the risk is huge as the black fungal spores can be found in every corner of our surroundings and can attack you.

People must be aware of this new danger that can take a huge size if not controlled on time like covid-19. Today, we will discuss everything about black fungus, its symptoms, and its preventions.

What is black fungus?

Let’s try to understand what is a black fungus. It is a very rare infection before covid-19. This disease is caused by the mucor of the black fungus. Mainly the black fungus disease is caused due to coming in contact with the mucor mold that develops on food, soil, fruits, plants, etc. This mucor is found everywhere even in the nose and mouth passage of humans. The black fungus affects mainly the sinuses, brain, and lungs of the body. This disease can be life fatal in some cases.

In Mumbai, Simon hospital has surfaced 24 cases of black fungus in the last two months. Before the covid-19 phase, rarely 6 cases were found in a year. In 11 cases, the patients had to close their eyes while 6 of them lost their lives. This scenario is a nightmare in the middle of the covid-19 pandemic.

In Banglore also, more than 19 cases of black fungus have been found in the last two weeks. Doctors said that a few patients’ conditions were so severe that it was impossible to operate on them.

Black fungus symptoms:

Black fungus symptoms are somewhat similar to covid-19. The black fungus affects mainly intraorbital and intracranial regions of the sinus in the human body. This disease can affect the skin also. The major black fungus symptoms that are being seen in the patients are;

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Inflammation on face and eyes
  • Body swelling
  • Nasal congestion
  • Sinus congestion
  • Body pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding

Patients also develop black lesions on the mouth and nasal linings. There are various body organs that black fungus affects specifically. The black fungus can take forms as; pulmonary mucormycosis, gastrointestinal mucormycosis, etc. Due to covid-19, the diagnosis of black fungus has become quite difficult.

Who is more prone to black fungus?

The question arises why suddenly such rare infection is spreading severely during covid-19. Black fungus is attacking people with low immunity. Let’s see who is more prone to the attack of black fungus in the present scenario.

  • People with low immunity
  • Patients suffering from Covid-19
  • Diabetic patients
  • Patients undergoing high steroid treatment
  • Patients undergoing immunosuppressive treatment

We have already discussed that black fungus affects people with low immunity most, and covid-19 affects the patient’s immunity very much. The people suffering from covid-19 suffer from weakened immunity. Diabetes and unbalanced sugar levels also reduce the immunity of a person. If a diabetic patient is suffering from covid-19 then, he or she is at most risk from black fungus. Steroids are used as anti-inflammatory drugs but these also make a person more prone to black fungus.

Till now, doctors are treating black fungus symptoms with antifungal drugs. Ampho-B is the main anti-fungal drug that is incorporated in the treatment of black fungus. With increasing covid-19 cases, the healthcare infrastructure has been in a very critical situation. The shortage of anti-fungal drugs has also been depicted.

What you should do?

Right now, the scenario is already very grim due to the second wave of covid-19. Doctors and frontline workers are also struggling, and trying their best to win this battle against covid-19. Black fungus is not a very common or researched topic. That’s why doctors are also in dilemma regarding black fungus and its increasing cases. That’s why it is very important that natives should be aware of this disease and should take all possible precautions. Maintaining personal hygiene is very important as a preventive measure against black fungus. Wearing masks and washing hands is also very essential.

Tips to ace your NEET

Tips to ace your NEET

NEET is a national level examination conducted by NTA. For admission in medical courses the candidate must qualify the entrance test. The questions of NEET only come from Physics, Chemistry, Zoology and Botany. There are 180 questions from each subject sections that carry 720 marks. The question paper of NEET are intermediate level based therefore revising 11th and 12th standard Physics, Chemistry, Zoology and Botany books that are following CBSE syllabus is a must. The NEET exam also has negative marking. Right technique and approach is very much needed along with hard work because of very high competition.

Before appearing for any competitive exam, the applicants should be aware of the basic details of the examinations.


  1. Familiarity with the syllabus: This must be your first step because NEET syllabus is vast and you need to know the exact location to bring out the best. Mainly focus on important topics first and less important later. It covers NCERT syllabus as well. Plan out each and every topic first in a notebook then proceed accordingly.
  • Make an effective Time table: It helps you to stay focused during the overall preparation journey. Paste it in front of your eyes somewhere. Having well-structured time table will help you to organize your schedule more efficiently. Make sure you follow your time table strictly.
  • Prepare short notes after completing chapter: It is the best way to improvise the memory skills. It means summarizing whole chapter in little part in an efficient way by writing down the important formulas and equations separately. Always try to write it clearly as it will help you during your revision time. You can revise it very easily.
  • Regular study break is must: We require timely rest to get back to work efficiently because we are humans not machines. The long time preparation gives stress to mind and not able to concentrate that much effectively. So take proper rest in between. You can try pomodoro technique as well. It is very effective in learning. Sit for half an hour and then take rest for 10min. Breaks can be in the form of a small nap or short exercises.
  • Proper Revision: Make sure to revise on a regular basis. Revision is crucial for any competitive exam.
  • While revising make sure to focus on important and weak areas.
  • Revise formulas and their derivations.
  • Maintain a healthy Diet: The aspirants must follow a healthy diet to get mental and physical fitness. Eat iron-containing foods to help your brain boost your brain by providing the nutrients it needs.
  • Practicing mock test: You need to finish 180 questions in 180 minutes so mock tests are very helpful in prior assessments. Time management is crucial for any competitive exam. So keep time aspect in your mind and practice mock test regularly.
  • Positive attitude is main thing: If you possess a negative attitude and always say that no I can’t do or it is not possible then it will definitely not work out. Always keep your attitude positive and say yes I can do that and it is possible. You will succeed for sure.

Lastly some of the best ways to prepare for NEET:

Get a diary or daily planner.

Plan accordingly and write everything in that diary.

Set daily task and before sleeping at night daily check did you completed your target for a day or not.

Take care of your health.

Get enough sleep.

         Some common mistakes that you should avoid:

             Not following the time table

               Following too many books.

               Avoiding revision.

               Ignoring NCERT and Subjects.

               Avoid sitting for long hours.