Environmental and Health Impacts of Air Pollution
Multiple human activities influence the environment, so the interactions between humans and their physical surroundings have studied deeply. The biotic (living organisms and microorganisms) and abiotic (inanimate objects) worlds collide in the environment (hydrosphere, lithosphere, and atmosphere). Pollution – the introduction of substances that are harmful to humans and other living organisms into the environment. Pollutants are harmful solids, liquids, or gases that have produced in higher-than-normal concentrations and degrade our environment’s quality.
Human activities pollute the water we drink, the air we breathe, and the soil in which plants grow, all of which harm the environment. Although the industrial revolution was a huge success in terms of technology, society, and the provision of a wide range of services, it also resulted in the release of massive amounts of pollutants into the air that are hazardous to human health.
Without a doubt, global environmental pollution considers as a multifaceted international public health issue. This major issue has linked to social, economic, and legislative concerns, as well as lifestyle habits. Clearly, in our era, urbanisation and industrialization are reaching unprecedented and upsetting levels around the world.
Anthropogenic air pollution is one of the world’s most serious public health threats, causing approximately 9 million deaths each year. Without a doubt, the entire aforementioned have linked to climate change, and the consequences for humankind could be dire if the situation worsens. Climate change and the effects of global planetary warming have a significant impact on multiple ecosystems, resulting in issues such as food safety, ice and iceberg melting, animal extinction, and plant damage. Air pollution has a variety of negative health consequences. Even on days when air pollution is low, vulnerable and sensitive people’s health possibly harmed.
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, asthma, respiratory disease, and high hospitalisation rates are all linked to short-term exposure to air pollutants (a measurement of morbidity). In conclusion, a global prevention policy needed to develop to combat anthropogenic air pollution as a complement to the proper management of air pollution’s adverse health effects. To display the problem more effectively, sustainable development practises need fully used in conjunction with research findings.
For effective pollution control, international cooperation in terms of research, development, administration policy, monitoring, and politics is critical at this time. Air pollution legislation needs to be updated and aligned, and policymakers should propose the creation of a powerful tool for environmental and health protection. As a result, the central argument of this essay is that we should concentrate on fostering local structures to promote experience and practise, and then extrapolate these to the international level through the development of effective policies for ecosystem management.
Only public awareness combined with a multidisciplinary approach by scientific experts will be able to address this problem; national and international organisations must address the emergence of this threat and propose long-term solutions.